|Wartość odżywcza||w 100 g||w porcji: 5 łyżeczek (20g)||% RWS* w porcji|
|Wartość energetyczna||3700 kJ/ 900 kcal||740 kJ/ 180 kcal||9 %|
|Tłuszcz||100 g||20 g||29 %|
|Kwasy tłuszczowe nasycone||9 g||2 g||10 %|
|Kwasy tłuszczowe jednonienasycone||15 g||3 g||-|
|Kwasy tłuszczowe wielonienasycone||74 g||15 g||-|
|Węglowodany||0 g||0 g||0 %|
|W tym cukry||0 g||0 g||0 %|
|Białko||0 g||0 g||0 %|
|Sól||0 g||0 g||0 %|
Kwasy tłuszczowe omega-3 54 g/ 100 g produktu
%RWS- Referencyjna wartość spożycia dla przeciętnej osoby dorosłej 8400 kJ/2000 kcal
Dostępne pojemności: 250 ml, 500 ml, 1 L
Opakowanie 250 ml zawiera 12 sugerowanych porcji produktu
Opakowanie 500 ml zawiera 23 sugerowanych porcji produktu
Opakowanie 1L zawiera 46 sugerowanych porcji produktu
Przechowywanie: bezwzględnie w lodówce !
Zastosowanie: na zimno, do sałatek, potraw lub bezpośredniego spożycia.
Kraj pochodzenia: Polska
Kraj pochodzenia surowca użytego do tłoczenia jest inny niż kraj pochodzenia oleju
Informacje o alergenach: może zawierać: gluten,sezam, soję,orzechy:ziemne,laskowe,włoskie,makadamia,migdały
Producent: Ol’Vita Krzysztof Dziaduch
Panków 2, 58-125 Pszenno
Use of the cold pressing method allows acquiring fully healthy oil with unchanged composition, the so-called "virgin oil ". Thanks to that all the natural ingredients, such as: vitamins, lecithin, and EFAs (Essential Fatty Acids) remain in the oil. It is 100 % natural, does not contain any additional antioxidants, preservatives, and dyes.
The oil is produced from specially selected rapeseed from local farmers. As a company specializing in purchasing cereals and rapeseed, we control the cultivation of rapeseed from sowing to harvesting. After pressing, such seed determine the quality of the oil and its very good composition, which has been confirmed by numerous studies carried out by a university laboratory. Our customers buy the oil eagerly because of its intensively yellow and goldish colour, characteristic flavour and high quality.
As the oil is rather universal in use, we can easily add it to salads, hot and cold dishes, herring and mayonnaise. It can be used for short-term heating in the pan, but on a low heat. Note, however, that high temperatures cause oxidation of the precious essential fatty acids. Rape, because of the high content of omega -9 fatty acid, is called "Olive of the North." Its influence on health is comparable to using cold pressed olive oil in our diet. In addition to the high amount of essential fatty acids in cold pressed rapeseed oil, we can also find valuable vitamins: A, E, D, and K. Rapeseed oil contains about 30 mg per 100 g of the product of the natural vitamin E. It is worth noting that vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant, necessary to "sweep" free radicals out of our bodies. Moreover, it accelerates wound healing and improves blood circulation. It should also be emphasized that natural vitamin E is 2 times more effective than the synthetic one.
For many years, research has been conducted with regard to proper nutrition and its impact on human health. Numerous medical reports indicate a favourable impact of EFAs, which includes: reducing the level of "bad" cholesterol, preventing atherosclerosis and stroke, and reducing the risk of heart attack. Very important information is the fact that the introduction of omega- 3 to the diet inhibits growth of tumours. It is also worth noticing that rapeseed oil has very good proportions of fatty acids, namely omega -3, omega – 6, and omega- 9. Therefore, rapeseed oil is determined as oil with balanced fatty acid composition.
This oil is pressed from the seed of the biennial evening primrose plant. The oil contains fatty acids: linoleic and gamma-linolenic, thus it improves our health. The latter acid is essential for metabolic processes. Unfortunately, in some cases, e.g.: diabetes, selenium deficiency, alcoholism, there is not enough of it in the body. Evening primrose oil is a rich source of GLA; it contains about 9 % of it, and also about 70% of linoleic acid. It should be also mentioned that the GLA is involved in the synthesis of certain prostaglandins, e.g.: PGE1. As it is known from medical sources, they influence health in various ways, for example: lower blood pressure, strengthen the immune system, and have an anti inflammatory effect. The gamma- linolenic acid (GLA) has an anti-atherosclerotic properties, reduces the "bad" cholesterol in the blood and inflammation in the body, and relieves premenstrual syndrome and accompanying breast tenderness.
In his studies on the website ‘Old and modern medicine’[Medycyna dawna i współczesna] Dr Henryk Różanski mentions that consumption of the evening primrose oil affects regeneration of cartilage and connective tissue proper, so this oil is recommended in such cases as: rheumatic diseases, fractures, and ligament damage. By consuming the evening primrose oil we prevent hair loss and strengthen the immunity of our body. It has been proven scientifically that from 9 to 11 hours after ingestion of the evening primrose oil by a feeding woman the amounts of gamma -linolenic acid and DGLA acid in her milk are increased, which is very important in infant development.
Consuming evening primrose oil reduces the amount of sebum and comedones on the skin. The effects of this oil are visible after a longer period of comsumption and when using a specified dose (says D. Sc. Różanski), at least 1. 5 g a day.
Apricot oil is obtained from the seed of the common apricot fruit. This oil is light, delicate. Its flavour reminds of almonds. It is clear, with a bright yellow colour. The oil contains essential fatty acids, vitamins A, B, E, and minerals. Its greatest treasure is vitamin B 17, called amygdalin or laetrile. Vitamin B 17 is used in the treatment of cancer. Broad description of this method can be found in the book: "Metabolic Treatment with Vitamin B 17", which is the complementary material to G. Edward Griffin's book: "World without Cancer." The vitamin is found naturally in more than 1200 species of plants, mostly in the seed of fruit, for example: plums, apples, and peaches.
, this oil is used for various types of salads or direct consumption, 1 - 1.5 teaspoon per day. In everyday use it is also recommended for skin care; it is absorbed perfectly and moisturizes the skin. It does not leave a greasy film. This is a great replacement for a balm, as the product is 100% natural and smells beautifully.
It is obtained from peanuts. When cold-pressed, it has a form of clear, yellow oil with an intense peanut taste and smell. The oil contains 74 - 85 % of EFAs, phytosterols, vitamin E, magnesium, potassium, copper,
and folic acid. Moreover, it contains a natural antioxidant - resveratrol. Mixing the oil with another vegetable oil in a ratio of 1:2 can reduce its "heaviness".
Influence on health:
Use in cold dishes: sauces, salads, and other. External use: pure body oil or massage oil, addition to cosmetics, bath oils. Although it is a semi-drying oil, it is recommended (due to its properties) for a very dry or flaky skin and eczema.
Cold pressed hempseed oil is a valuable source of essential fatty acids, which constitute approximately 75 % of the oil. It is characterized by a spicy, nutty flavour. In Polish cuisine it has been known for a long time and used as an addition to potatoes, groats, cooked vegetables, salads and other cold dishes.
Dosage: 1 tablespoon per day. Influence on health: hemp oil is rich in vitamin K, which is essential for the synthesis of important proteins and enzymes. Moreover, the vitamin has anti-bleeding properties and is responsible for blood clotting. It has antifungal, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic properties. It takes part in the formation of bone tissue. The oil also contains vitamin E (100mg/100g of the product).
Interesting for all pet owners may be the fact that hemp oil does not only care about the shine and softness of the coat, but it also raises animals’ vitality, improves metabolism, and strengthens the immune system. Just a few drops a day, and our pets can avoid diseases such as eczema or allergy.
Use in cosmetics: the oil is especially recommended for people with acne and skin inflammation. Biologically active components of hem oil keep skin in good condition, prevent irritation, seborrhoea, premature aging and improve its defence against potentially harmful environmental factors. This oil can be used directly on the skin. It does not cause any allergic reactions and penetrates into the skin very well. Spreading the oil is easy and it is quite quickly absorbed. Hemp oil enhances the defence of the skin, smoothes it, and makes it soft and supple.
It is produced by pressing genetically unmodified soya beans (Glycine Max) The oil content in the seed is low in comparison to other oilseed crops, as it is only 18-24 %. The fatty acids composition of soybean oil is mainly: 23-32 % of monounsaturated fatty acids, 50-64 % of polyunsaturated fatty acids including 2-12 % of ? -linolenic acid. Due to the high content of essential fatty acids, cold pressed soya bean oil is highly regarded edible oil.
Cold pressed soya bean oil is a natural source of vitamin E (10-15mg/100g), phospholipids, in particular lecithin, and phytosterols, especially sitosterol. Sitosterol lowers the level of cholesterol in the blood and also inhibits the absorption of cholesterol in the gastrointestinal tract. Consumption of soya bean oil is beneficial for the body. It plays an essential role in the prevention of metabolic diseases of civilization (heart and cardiovascular diseases, inflammatory and allergic illnesses, impaired concentration).
Soybean oil is a great addition to many dishes. It works perfectly as the main ingredient of sauces and mayonnaise, giving them a velvety texture. The oil emphasizes the taste and aroma of meat and salads. In addition, it increases the nutritional value of prepared dishes. It can also be consumed directly: 1-2 tablespoons per day.
Soya bean oil can be applied externally, directly on the skin (oily skin prone to seborrhoea). It is also used for production of creams, body milk, massage oils, soaps. It is not recommended to people who are allergic to soy, as it may cause allergic reactions.
This oil is extracted from sunflower seeds by cold pressing. It is characterized by a high amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids and vitamin E (50 mg per 100 g of product). This oil may be heated not more than to 100 ° C. Ideally, if it is consumed cold, as an addition to salads, soups, and sauces. The influence on health: essential fatty acids in the oil and vitamin E strengthen the immune system. Sunflower oil extends the life of sperm and lowers the level of cholesterol. When consumed for a week, it eliminates night calf cramps. The oil neutralizes free radicals that damage the skin (it loses suppleness, firmness, and moisture).
The common name of the camelina plant is "false flax". It is the oldest oilseed cultivated in Poland. Before about 80 years ago camelina oil was only cold pressed. Present 70-80 year olds remember the taste of it as an inherent part of their childhood. The oil was served with bread, onion, and salt. It has a distinctive taste and smell - slightly spicy, and a goldish colour. As it is rich in natural antioxidants, such as vitamin E, its durability is higher than that of linseed oil to Dr. Budwig’s diet, despite the high content of omega -3. Camelina oil contains about 33-36 % of ? -linolenic acid (Niewiadomski 1984). Eicosenoic acid is also present in the oil in the amount of 20 % of the total acids, which makes it unique in relation to other oils. The above mentioned fatty acids and vitamin E have positive influence on the improvement of our health. They support the cardiovascular system, protect against the consequences of atherosclerosis, e.g.: heart attacks and strokes. Unlike saturated fats (animal) they can lower the level of "bad" cholesterol. The oil is recommended for consumption with cold dishes, for example salads. It tastes fantastic with onion and herring.
The oil is cold pressed from unroasted pumpkin seed (Cucurbita Pepo). A characteristic feature of pumpkin seed oil is its dark green colour and distinctive nutty flavour and aroma. Due to the specific composition of unsaturated fatty acids, it is easy to digest. Unsaturated fatty acids constitute more than 80 % of the oil and 60 % of the acids are polyunsaturated fatty acids (linoleic acid). The oil contains vitamins: E, A, D, and of B group, minerals: selenium, potassium, and zinc. Pumpkin seed oil also contains substances such as squalene, phytosterols, citrulline, and cucurbitin. Due to the high content of tocopherols, pumpkin seed oil is highly resistant to oxidation.
In natural medicine it is used to support the treatment of: prostate hypertrophy in its early stage, atherosclerosis, diseases of the bladder and urinary tract. Moreover, it can be helpful in endocrine regulation, metabolic transformations, and elimination of parasites.
In food the oil is used only with cold dishes, as an addition to bread, vegetables, cottage cheese, boiled eggs, salads, and for direct consumption. It goes well with vanilla ice cream. Stored in a refrigerator may solidify, but the effect does not remain long after taking the oil out. With regard to the characteristics and composition of the oil, pumpkin seed oil is sought primarily by men, due to the presence of phytosterols. Phytosterols include about 40 compounds. Some of them have a structure very similar to cholesterol, what determines their beneficial influence on health in the struggle with too high levels of "bad" cholesterol. Simply put, in the place where cholesterol is absorbed, that is-in the intestines, phytosterols bind to receptors of the intestinal cells in place of cholesterol. Thanks to that the absorption of cholesterol is limited, resulting in decrease of its concentration in the blood.
It is worth noting that vitamins A and D, as well as unsaturated fats, increase the digestibility of phytosterols. Some amount of phytosterols delivered to the body is built into the structure of cell membranes and endothelium. Medical scientists working in the field of phytotherapy mention also other properties of phytosterols in various articles. In ‘Natural anabolic substances. Phytosterols’ dr Henryk Różański presents them as: inhibiting allergic reactions, stimulating the immune system, inhibiting platelet aggregation, preventing coagulation of blood and heart attacks. Further, he mentions that they prevent formation of gallstones and urinary stones. Phytosterols are classified as substances with antitumor properties. Pumpkin seed oil is sought primarily by men as the phytosterols prevent and support the treatment of prostate hyperplasia in its early stage. The phytosterols present in pumpkin seed oil are very similar to sex hormones. Proper functioning of the prostate depends on the appropriate level of dihydrotestosterone (abbreviation DHT). The task of such phytosterols is to block DHT, which in turn reduces the unpleasant symptom associated with prostatic hypertrophy, that is frequent urination in small quantities. To simplify a bit, it can be said that some phytosterols are accepted by the enzyme that converts testosterone to DHT. Thus, some DHT is blocked, and the phytosterols that replace it do not harm the prostate.
Considering the topic of pumpkin seed, one cannot forget about its anti- parasitic properties. The effect can be achieved using fresh pumpkin seed. The active substance responsible for this is cucurbitin.
Due to the significant amount of zinc in pumpkin seed, its consumption is recommended for people with skin diseases: acne, herpes, and also with stomach ulcers and wounds difficult to heal.
Milk thistle is an important industrial crop cultivated in many countries, also in Poland. It is grown because of the fruits containing bioflavonoids, of which the most active is silymarin.
Silymarin content in milk thistle fruit ranges from 1.5 to 3%. Silymarin is a mixture of flavonolignans, among which the most important one is silybin, a flavonoid.
In the times of the Roman Empire milk thistle was used to increase the flow of bile and to protect against the effects of excessive alcohol consumption. Mixture of flavonolignans, that is silymarin, protects against viral hepatitis and agents damaging liver cells, such as: alcohol, heavy metals. It also helps in their regeneration (Lipkowski, Szczucińska, Baranowska et al., Research Institute of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw 2002). It is a potent antioxidant (stronger than vitamin E) and protects against the loss of glutathione, the most important intracellular antioxidant that the body produces. Silymarin also acts as an antidote for poisoning with Amanita phalloides (death cap) if given within 10 minutes after intoxication!
Milk thistle fruit also contains about 18% of the oil present in the husk and endosperm. The composition of fatty acid in the milk thistle oil is similar to edible oils and the composition of phytosterols is the closest to the composition of soya bean oil. Furthermore, it comprises a certain amount of flavonoids, especially silymarin, which increases the oxidative stability of the oil. Therefore, milk thistle oil, separately or in mixtures with other oils, can be used in preventive care. Due to these characteristics, the oil can be used as biologically active oil in cosmetics. It can be used both internally and externally.
Oil of the milk thistle stimulates production and flow of bile. It prevents formation of gallstones, supports liver function. Recommended in cases of liver disease: viral hepatitis, liver damages due to alcohol disease, as well as in addictions. The oil has properties supporting detoxification and protecting the liver against toxins, reduces liver damage, helps to recover, and facilitates the removal of toxic substances deposited in the body. Recommended for migraine headaches. It helps to stop bleeding, e.g.: haemorrhoids, nose, and colon. It regulates bowel movements (in larger doses it has a laxative effect). The oil has anti inflammatory properties and reduces the level of "bad" cholesterol in the blood, preventing atherosclerosis. It is used to treat acne and psoriasis, inhibits cancer cell division.
Prophylactic use: 3 times a day 1 teaspoon, about 30 minutes before a meal, or as an addition to cold dishes e.g. salads, eggs. When applied externally, it accelerates the healing of wounds, ulcers, bedsores. The oil is recommended for eczema, psoriasis, and skin cracking.
Almond oil is pale yellow in colour. Almonds contain: 65-70 % of oleic acid, 24-26 % of linoleic acid, 3-5 % of palmitic acid, 20 % of protein, and: potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, and vitamins: E, PP and of B- group. The oil is used mainly in production of marzipan. Moreover, it is added to various dishes, especially poultry and fish. The oil is perfect with salads and desserts. In cosmetics, it is one of the most exclusive oils, added to balms, shampoos, conditioners, and creams. When applied externally, it has been shown to: moisturise, nourish, and smoothen wrinkles. It also makes the skin supple, and thus, helps to prevent the formation of stretch marks. It is worth noting that rubbed directly into the skin it is absorbed quickly and leaves a pleasant scent.
Wheat germ oil is derived from grains of wheat kernel, which contain up to 17 % of oil with high content of essential fatty acids (linoleic acid 52 - 60 %, oleic acid 24 - 28%). Wheat germ oil is one of the richest oils in terms of content of vitamin E (150 mg per 100 g of the product).
Vitamin E plays an important role in our body, so we should ensure to deliver it systematically in its natural form. It is noteworthy that the synthetic vitamin E is two times less effective than the natural one. Natural vitamin E is commonly called the vitamin of youth and fertility. It has a positive effect on the skin, slows the ageing process. As a fat soluble vitamin, it is responsible for protection of biological membranes. Its deficiency significantly weakens the functions of fibroblasts, resulting in increased degradation of collagen and elastin, which affect the flexibility and strength of the connective tissue. In addition, vitamin E accelerates wound healing, improves blood flow in skin and enhances regeneration of damaged skin.
Wheat germ oil, the richest in vitamin E, is successfully used by women as a natural cosmetic. It can be used for whole body massage, but most often on the face, neck and décolleté, wherever we are susceptible to formation of wrinkles. When it is absorbed, it leaves skin soft and moisturized. Vitamin E is well absorbed through the skin, penetrates deeply into the surface layer of the epidermis, and then locates in the cell membrane of the skin (after about 6 hours). Vitamin E is involved in the supply of nutrients to the cells. It strengthens the walls of blood vessels and protects red blood cells from premature decay. Consumption of vitamin E can reduce and even reverse formation of atherosclerotic plaque resulting from prolonged deficiency of vitamin E. Furthermore, there are reports about its properties resulting in lower levels of triglycerides and "bad" cholesterol. As a powerful antioxidant, it also prevents heart attacks and strokes. Having anti-oxidant properties, the vitamin eliminates free radicals. Radicals cause oxidation of platelets, which release tromboxane, and this in turn causes formation of abnormal blood clots. Atherosclerotic plaque cause blockage of blood arteries.
As it has been reported in various articles, there is no possibility of an overdose of natural vitamin E in the human body. It does not accumulate; the excess is metabolized and then excreted in the urine. Wheat germ oil, in addition to the beneficial vitamin E, contains essential fatty acids and a large amount of phytosterols. Increased consumption of phytosterols reduces the level of cholesterol in the blood and reduces its absorption from food and bile. Thereby it contributes to reducing the incidence of ischaemic heart disease and thrombophlebitis. EFAs are essential in our body for its proper functioning. It is worth remembering that to maintain health we need the optimal ratio of omega- 3 and omega -6 , so when planning your menu, remember to provide adequate amounts of omega -3. Linseed oil to Dr. Budwig’s diet is a rich source of omega – 3 acids.
Wheat germ oil goes very well with salads and sauces. It has the greatest value when eaten cold.
The oil is obtained by pressing of selected black cumin seed. The taste is slightly bitter, intense spicy aroma. The colour varies from honey to dark brown. It contains about 16 % of saturated fatty acids, about 58 % of linoleic acid, 25 % of oleic acid, and less than 1 % of alpha-linolenic acid. It also comprises eicosenoic acid and eicosadienoic acid, vitamin E (tocopherols), vitamin A (carotenoids), sterols, biotin, and trace elements. Due to its high content of essential fatty acids and phytosterols, black cumin oil used in the diet has a beneficial effect on our body. The positive influence of the n - 6 acids can be seen in cardiovascular diseases, in particular: atherosclerosis, diabetes, obesity, inflammatory and allergic diseases. They also lower the level of cholesterol in blood and reduce the ‘bad cholesterol’ absorption, thanks to phytosterols.
Black cumin oil is used as a main ingredient in aromatherapy – it calms and helps to endure stress, eliminates sleep disorders. Used externally, it protects against sunburn and provides a beautiful skin tone, accelerates wound healing and smoothes the skin, relieves all kinds of allergies.
In dietary use it should be used for cold dishes, as an addition to salads, soups, sauces, cottage cheese, groats, etc. It gives the dishes a spicy taste. The oil can be used directly, 1-2 teaspoons per day.
Corn oil is pressed from the germ of corn, separated during the milling of corn grain. Corn oil consists almost entirely of essential fatty acids, e.g.: oleic acid (20-32 %) and linoleic acid (40-68 %). Cold pressed corn oil is one of the oils with the largest amount of natural vitamin E, with an average of about 520 mg / kg. It belongs to the group of oils rich in phytosterols, as they are present in the amount of about 800-1000mg/100g. Phytosterols are a very important group of compounds found in cold pressed corn oil, having vital importance for human health. Phytosterols can effectively reduce the level of cholesterol in blood and thereby reduce the incidence of ischaemic heart disease (Bartnikowska 2007, Karol Minkowski 2008). Cold pressed corn oil has a high nutritional and health value, especially due to the high content of unsaturated fatty acids. It can be used for salads and cooking. However, due to high levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids should not be heated above 100 ° C.
This oil is cold pressed from selected cherry seed. This edible oil has a pleasant taste and smell. It contains many valuable ingredients, such as: essential fatty acids (44% of monounsaturated fatty acids and 40% of polyunsaturated fatty acids), vitamins, and flavonoids. Cherry seed oil improves blood circulation. This effect is used in the cosmetic industry, specifically in cosmetics for face and body. Cherry seed oil is suitable for direct application on the skin, leaving it moisturized, nourished, and firm. Thanks to vitamin E we prevent formation of wrinkles.
Parsley oil is obtained by pressing the parsley seed. The oil content in the seed ranges from 20 to 24 %. The oil consists almost exclusively of unsaturated fatty acids (92-96 %) and saturated fatty acids (2-8 % of palmitic and stearic acids). The unsaturated acids comprise of monounsaturated acids: oleic (8-10%) and petroselinic (68-72 %) and polyunsaturated acids: linoleic acid (16-20 %) and ? -linolenic acid (up to 1%). It also contains vitamins and bioflavonoids, among which the most important one is myristicin.
Due to the rich composition of fatty acids, especially petroselinic acid, parsley seed oil is used in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries, e.g.: it is a component of a medicine treating reflux.
Parsley seed oil has an intense taste and aroma of parsley. It goes perfectly with various dishes, as a cold addition to soups, sauces, and other food. Consumed cold, directly, and in a small amount (a few drops on bread) provides breath freshness.
It helps in constipation problems, regulates bowel movements, and has diuretic properties. In cosmetics, the oil is applied on the skin, tones it, and whitens blemishes.
The oil is pressed from the seed of fennel. It has a dark green colour and taste typical of the fennel plant. The composition of fatty acids is: 80-90 % of monounsaturated fatty acids, including 70-80 % of petroselinic acid. The oil also contains 6-10% of oleic acid and 5-9% of linoleic acid. Petroselinic acid is used in the cosmetic industry and is responsible for increasing flexibility of the skin. In cookery it is a very interesting addition to sauces and soups, as a natural seasoning. The oil, as fennel plant itself, has carminative properties. It is recommended as a natural agent that eliminates bloating. Due to the strong flavour, it is used rather in small amounts - drops.
The oil is obtained by cold pressing of the highest quality blue poppy seeds. This oil is a valuable source of EFAs, as it has 72-97 % of unsaturated fatty acids, including 12-22 % of oleic acid and 60-75 % of linoleic acid. The oil is light yellow, has a delicate nutty flavour and a scent characteristic of poppy seeds. The presence of EFAs (Essential Fatty Acids) in the diet supports the fight against the excessive level of "bad" cholesterol in the blood, thus reducing the risk of atherosclerosis, which consequently minimises the risk of blood clots, strokes and heart attacks. It has to be remembered that maintaining health requires following the rule of proportion of fatty acids in the diet. The optimal ratio of fatty acids (omega-3/omega-6) should be 1:2. Since the oil contains a lot of omega 6, it is perfect for balancing the composition of fatty acids in flaxseed oil used in Dr Budwig’s diet. EU recommendations included in the report of Codrigton and Kafatos (2000) refer to the proportion of 1:2-4 and recommend daily consumption of the n - 6 acids family in the amount of 4- 8g, and the acids of the n- 3 family in the amount of: 2 g of ? - linolenic acid and 200mg of long chain acids (eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid.
Walnut oil is obtained by cold pressing of hulled walnut kernels. This oil has a specific nutty taste and a sweet aroma with a hint of caramel. Due to the fatty acid composition it belongs to the group of oils which are very rich in unsaturated fatty acids (89-96 %). The oil contains monounsaturated fatty acids, including 16-32 % of oleic acid, and polyunsaturated fatty acids: linolenic/linoleic acid 45-55 %, ? -linolenic acid 8-10 %, ? - linolenic acid 5-7%. The oil also contains natural tocopherols, carotenoids (vitamin E, A). Although the body has some mechanisms to control and reduce damage caused by free radicals, it has been scientifically proven that consumption of food rich in antioxidants is beneficial to our health (Frankel 1996). Such substances are: vitamin E, carotenoids, and plant-derived phenolic compounds, which exhibit high anti-radical activity (Kitts 1997). Ramadan and Moersel (2006) confirmed in their studies the ability of selected oils, including walnut oil, to quench free radicals.
With respect to walnut oil, attention should be also paid to the positive effects of fatty acids of the n - 6 and n -3 families. The positive effects of n- 6 fatty acids, including ? -linolenic acid can be seen in cardiovascular diseases, especially atherosclerosis, diabetes, obesity, inflammatory and allergic diseases, atopic allergy, bronchial asthma, renal and hepatic diseases, diseases of the nervous system, schizophrenia, Alzheimer's disease, and alcoholism (Horrobin 1995, Lamer - Zarawska 1995, Cichoń 1998, 2004 Bartnikowska et al.).
Walnut oil can be consumed directly in the amount of 1-1, 5 tablespoon. It meets the daily requirement of fatty acids of the n - 6 and n -3 families. In dietary use it can be added to salads with nuts, sauces, and dressings, especially in Chinese, French, and Italian cuisine. Walnut oil is also used in cosmetics. It may be applied directly on the skin. The oil is rich in essential fatty acids. Linoleic acid helps in regeneration, tones, moisturises damaged or dry skin. It prevents formation of wrinkles and has anti-inflammatory, normalizing, soothing, and anti-aging properties. The oil is intended for mature and sensitive skin. It penetrates deep into the skin and is a natural UV protection agent with SPF 3-4. It spreads well and is quite quickly absorbed. The oil enhances the defense of the skin, smoothes, gives softness and suppleness. It is used in skin care products for allergic, dry or sun- burned skin. The oil may be helpful with dry dandruff and itchy scalp. Used in anti-aging creams and products for mature skin, as well as pure massage oil.
It is extracted form cold pressed, hulled sesame seed. Sesame seed contains a high degree of oil, reaching 50 - 60%. Its composition includes a predominant part of unsaturated fatty acids (84-90 %), which play a key role in maintaining health. Sesame oil contains 35-45% of monounsaturated oleic acid and 40-50% polyunsaturated linoleic acid. It also includes flavonolignans, one of them being a powerful antioxidant-sesamin. In preventive care it helps to lower blood pressure and the high level of cholesterol. Sesamin contained in the oil has an inhibitory effect on synthesis and uptake of cholesterol. Moreover, being a powerful antioxidant, sesamin has the ability to ‘sweep out’ free radicals (Espin, Soler- Rivas, Wichers, 2000). The high content of essential fatty acids minimises the risk of atherosclerosis and ischaemic heart disease.
This oil is also recommended for constipation. Consumed regularly effectively regulates defecation.
The oil is also used in cosmetics as it protects against sunlight. It has a natural UV protection factor of 3-4.
In dietary use it can be only added to cold dishes. Not suitable for frying. It is the best as an addition to salads, sauces, and other dishes. Consumption of about 2 tablespoons per day covers the daily requirement of essential fatty acids.
The oil is obtained by cold pressing of the seed of amaranth. It contains 55-80 % of unsaturated fatty acids, including; 15-30% of oleic acid, and 40-50% of linoleic acid.
Amaranth oil is a very valuable source of natural antioxidants. One of the most important components in the oil is squalene, a hydrocarbon which belongs to polyunsaturated lipids, but which in fact is not a fat. It is present in the amaranth oil in the amount of 5 – 6.5g/100g of the product. The oil also contains natural vitamin E in the amount of 5-10 mg per 100 g of the product. Used for dietary purposes essential fatty acids contained in amaranth oil have a beneficial effect on health, preventing diseases of civilization. A number of properties of squalene, which are beneficial to health, have been reported, such as: prevention of ischaemic heart disease, delaying the ageing process. It also has antibacterial and antifungal properties. Moreover, the oil is used in cosmetics for body care and massage. In particular, it is highly recommended for sensitive skin areas susceptible to rapid formation of wrinkles, such as face, neck, décolleté.
In the diet it cannot be heated but used as an addition to various dishes or for direct consumption. The oil should be consumed daily in the amount of a tablespoon, preferably with a meal. In cosmetics it is used without restrictions.
This oil is extracted by cold pressing of the seed of borage (Borago officinalis) known as a starflower. It is an annual herb grown in Poland, belonging to the Boraginaceae family. This oil belongs to the group of bio-oils due to the largest amount of gamma linolenic acid (GLA) at the level of 21-25 % (Zadernowski et al. 2002). Borage seed oil also contains linoleic acid 34-40 %, oleic acid 14-18% , tocopherols 1478mg/kg (Zadernowski et al. 2002), and sterols 290 mg/100g, including beta- sitosterol 108.1 mg/100g (Phillips " et al. 2002), and trace amounts of carotenoids (about 23mg/kg). The nutritional value of borage seed oil is greater than that of standard plant oils due to the high GLA acid content. GLA also causes that consumed borage seed oil may act as a biochemical prosthesis, which enhances metabolism of a number of fatty acids n -6 and n-3, in cases, when there is a reduced activity of the enzyme delta- 6 desaturase occurring for various reasons, by the metabolic conversion of fatty acids (Horrobin l992, 2006 Bolesławska et al.).
Borage seed oil can be used also in the diet of dogs and cats. It can be observed that added to food the oil improves the appearance and quality of the pet’s hair, and also the condition of the skin, reducing the potential inflammation.
In the diet the oil is used only for cold dishes, as an addition to salads or directly a teaspoon per day before a meal.
The coconut palm is called the "tree of life", and not surprisingly, since its fruit - coconuts - contains many nutritional, as well as medicinal ingredients. Cold pressed coconut oil extracted from the dried meat of the coconut (copra) by mechanical pressing. This oil has a natural, typical for coconut taste and smell (refined one is virtually odourless). At the temperature of 23-27 ° C it solidifies, resembling lard at first glance. This oil contains small amounts of essential fatty acids, and therefore, it is barely sensitive to oxidation, so it does not require storage in a refrigerator. It causes that the oil is resistant to rancidification.
Coconut oil contains about 98 % of saturated fatty acids. The amounts of the basic ones are: 44-51 % of lauric acid, 13-18 % of myristic acid, 8-12% of palmitic acid. The lauric acid significantly contributes to the improvement of immunity. We find it, for example, in breast milk.
With regard to consumption, using the oil does not require a strict regimen. It can be successfully used for frying, baking, and cooking various dishes. Coconut oil is suitable for desserts, salads, sauces, and bread.
This valuable oil is extracted by mechanical pressing of safflower seed. This species was cultivated in ancient times (Egypt, India) to obtain seed and flowers. Mechanical pressing of the seed allowed extracting oil, and flower petals were the source of a strong plant dye (carthamine). Flowers of the safflower were used both as an aphrodisiac, and an agent with expectorant, stimulant, and laxative properties.
Safflower oil is a very rich source of EFAs (Essential Fatty Acids). It is used in food and cosmetics. It contains about: 63-79 % of polyunsaturated fatty acids, 14-24 % of monounsaturated fatty acids (omega -9), and only 3-10% of saturated fatty acids. It is also rich in vitamin E (about 35 mg/100 g of product) and phytosterols. When used in the diet, it has similar properties to sunflower oil.
In cosmetics it can be applied directly on the skin and damaged hair tips. The oil moisturises and nourishes. It is also known as a natural hair remover. Used for a minimum of six weeks on legs it should cause reduction of hair. Unfortunately, the effect is dependent on individual genetic predisposition with regard to the number and type of hair. The oil can be used to salads, sauces, and any food served cold. It does not require a strict regimen.
Grape seed oil is cold pressed from the seeds of red grapes. It has a green- yellow (golden) colour with a distinctive grape-nutty flavour and grape smell. Its sensory properties differentiate the oil from the widely available refined grape seed oils. Cold pressed grape seed oil consists in 83% of unsaturated fatty acids, of which 13 % are monounsaturated, and 70 % polyunsaturated. Saturated fatty acids constitute 8-9 %. The oil contains natural vitamin E in the amount of 5. 14 mg/100ml. Regular consumption of the oil, due to its high content of essential fatty acids, contributes to reducing the level of "bad" cholesterol (LDL) in the blood, whereas the relatively high level of vitamin E contained in the oil helps to improve the functioning of muscles, joints, eyes, and the cardiovascular system. Grape seed oil is suitable both for consumption and external use. The former involves mainly use with cold dishes, for example: dressings, salads, and gourmet dishes served cold. The oil is also suitable for frying, as it is characterized by a high smoke point (over 190 ° C). Fried food does not take the taste and smell of the oil. The oil contains compounds which are potent antioxidants, the so-called procyanidins. The ORAC value is 740 µmol TE/100g (ORAC FL method).
Argan oil is pressed from the kernels of the argan tree. It is characterised by a slightly reddish colour with a delicate flavour of peanuts. The argan oil contains unsaturated fatty acids, including: 43-50 % of oleic acid and 29-37 % of linolenic acid, and saturated fatty acids: 10-15% of palmitic acid and 4-8% of stearic acid. Phytosterols contained in the argan oil determine its wealth. In particular, they are: spinasterol and schottenol, which are present in the oil in the amounts: respectively 44% and 50% of all present phytosterols. Furthermore, there are sterols: delta-7-avenasterol, stigma-8 22 - dien -3ß -ol, campesterol, stigmasterol, cholesterol, and squalene. The oil contains natural vitamin E in the amount of about 620 mg / kg, which is almost two times higher than in olive oil (320 mg / kg). Regular consumption of the argan oil lowers the level of "bad" cholesterol in the blood and the high blood pressure, reduces the risk of atherosclerosis and heart disease. It also strengthens the immune system (African Journal of Biotechnology, Department of Toxicology and Cancer Risk Factors 2005). The oil can be consumed directly, 1-2 tablespoons a day. It is used for different kinds of salads, couscous, groats, etc.
Cold pressed hazelnut oil has a light yellow colour, pleasant nutty flavour and aroma. It consists of: about 80-90 % oleic acid, 4-8 % of linoleic acid, palmitic acid, and vitamins E and B. When used in the diet, it is beneficial for the cardiovascular system, especially in atherosclerosis. It greatly assists the body's regenerative functions and delays the aging process. It belongs to the heat-resistant oils. It should be rather kept on a shelf, as it becomes cloudy at low temperatures.
Due to the very intense nutty flavour it makes a great addition to salads, giving them a unique flavour.
Cosmetic use: commonly used in the cosmetic industry as a pure body oil or massage oil. It is recommended for dry, mature, pale, and also sensitive skin. The oil shows some protective effect, nourishes, conditions, and slightly tones. It has a natural sun protection factor 3-4.
Coconut flour – creamy and delicate, with a delicious, sweet coconut taste. High fiber content regulates metabolism and also helps in the fight against high level of cholesterol. The flour is rich in micro- and macronutrients and vitamins. It contains no cholesterol or phytines. With baked goods be sure to increase the amount of added liquid, oil or eggs.
Argan oil – called also "Moroccan Gold" or the elixir of youth. This oil is obtained by cold pressing seeds from the argan tree (Argania Spinosa) growing only in Morocco. Argan oil is particularly valued for its unique health and beauty effects. In its natural form it has a yellowish colour and delicate scent. Applied on skin in even a small amount and gently massaged, leaves it moisturized, supple, and firm.
Linseed - golden linseed is a variation of flax with better chemical composition than the brown linseed. In contains, among others: zinc, vit. E, vit. of B group, fiber, EFAs (essential fatty acids), flavonoids, lignans, and also valuable amino acids. It is recommended for gastritis, ulcers, hyperacidity.
Cranberry juice is an excellent component of everyday diet. Flavonoids present in cranberries are very similar to those in red wine. They therefore dilate blood vessels and prevent blood clots. Cranberry juice also contains a lot of antioxidants, they block the oxidation of cholesterol, have a positive vasodilating effect, and thereby inhibit the development of atherosclerosis.